Aggregation of L. gasseri cells by saliva showed a similar adhesion pattern to saliva-coated hydroxyapatite for all five isolates and the type strain (Table 3). Aggregation by submandibular/sublingual saliva was highest (score 3), followed by parotid saliva (score 2) and MFGM (score 2) (Table 3) and human milk (score 1) (data not shown). Table 3 L. gasseri adhesion to saliva coated hydroxyapatite learn more and
aggregation in saliva Parotid saliva Submandibular/sublingual saliva L. gasseri Adhesion1 Aggregation2 Adhesion1 Aggregation2 Isolate B16 ++ ++ +++ +++ Isolate B1 + + ++ ++ Isolate L10 + ++ ++ +++ Isolate A241 + + ++ ++ Isolate A274 + ++ ++ +++ Type strain 31451T ++ ++ +++ +++ 1 62.5×106 bacterial cells were added
into each test well. + binding of <15% of added bacterial cells, ++ ≥15 to <20%, and +++ ≥20%. 2 – =aggregation score 0 (no visible aggregates), + aggregation score 1 (small uniform aggregates), ++ aggregation score 2 (more aggregates of slightly larger size than 1), +++ aggregation score 3 (more and slightly larger aggregates than 2) . Adhesion buffer was used a negative control (score 0) and S. mutans strain Ingbritt as positive control (score +++) . Adhesion of S. mutans strain Ingbritt to parotid and submandibular/sublingual saliva decreased significantly after pre-incubation of saliva with L. gasseri strain B16 (Figure 3C). A similar pattern was observed for L. gasseri binding after pre-incubation of saliva with S. mutans. Gp340 (mw=340 kDa) VX-680 solubility dmso was not detected by SBE-��-CD cost Western blot analysis with mAb143 antibodies in L. gasseri isolate B16 (Figure 4, upper panels A, lane 1), but gp340 was detected in parotid (Figure 4, upper panels A, lane 2) and submandibular saliva (Figure 4, upper panels A, lanes 6). The levels of gp340 were reduced in both salivas after incubation with L. gasseri (Figure 4, upper panels A, lane 3 and 7). Furthermore, bound gp340 was detected
on L. gasseri (Figure 4, upper medroxyprogesterone panels A, lanes 4 and 8) after incubation with saliva, and SDS treatment released gp340 bound to L. gasseri (Figure 4, upper panels A and B, lanes 5 and 9). Similar results were observed for S. mutans strain Ingbritt (Figures 4B, upper panels). The six additional isolates of L. gasseri also adhered to gp340 (Figures 4C and D, upper panels). Figure 4 Western blot detection of saliva gp340 and MUC7 after L. gasseri treatment. (A) Upper panel shows detection of gp340 (using mAb143) and lower panel MUC7 (usig mAb LUM7-2) in parotid and submandibular/sublingual saliva alone or after incubation with L. gasseri isolate B16; (B) upper panel shows detection of gp340 and lower panel MUC7 in parotid and submandibular/sublingual saliva alone or after incubation with S. mutans strain Ingbritt.