All RFe4Sb12 samples possess low selleckchem lattice thermal conductivity. The correlation between the lattice thermal resistivity W-L and ionic radii of the fillers is discussed and a good relationship of W-L similar to (r(cage)-r(ion))(3) is observed in lanthanide metal filled skutterudites. CeFe4Sb12, PrFe4Sb12, and NdFe4Sb12 show the highest thermoelectric figure of merit around 0.87 at 750 K among all the filled skutterudites studied in this work. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3553842]“
“Little is known about possible interactions between chloroplasts and the Golgi apparatus, although there is increasing
evidence for a direct Golgi to chloroplast transport pathway targeting proteins to their destinations within the membranes and stroma of plastids. Here data are presented showing that a blockage of secretion results in a significant increase of starch within plastids. Golgi disassembly promoted
either by the secretory inhibitor brefeldin A or through an inducible Sar1-GTP system leads to CAL-101 manufacturer dramatic starch accumulation in plastids, thus providing evidence for a direct interaction between plastids and Golgi activity. The possibility that starch accumulation is due either to elevated levels of cytosolic sugars because of loss of secretory Golgi activity or even to a blockage of amylase transport from the Golgi to the chloroplast is discussed.”
“Rising healthcare costs promote the generic substitution among Selleck LY3039478 patients because it is identifiable costs. A key concern is that patients should be involved in the decision of switching. The aim of this study was to examine renal transplant patients’ views on generic substitution in the UK. A total of 163 renal patients were surveyed using 36 multiple-choice questions at Barts and The London Renal Transplant Clinic, in the UK. Transplant recipients over 18 years, able to read and write English and willing to fill in the questionnaire
were targeted; 84% of patients were conscious of the availability of generic medicines, 70% understood the terms “”generic”" and “”branded”" in relation to medicines and 54% were aware of generic substitution practice. However, 75% did not know if they were taking generics and 84% felt that generics are not equivalent or only equivalent sometimes and they were uncertain that generics had the same quality as branded medicines. Moreover, many patients admitted that they would not accept the generic substitution of ciclosporin when become available in the UK. A number of factors such as patients’ education, knowledge, severity of the disease, efficacy of generic medicines and patients’ involvement in decisions regarding their health appear to drive patients’ attitudes towards generic substitution.”
“A powder neutron diffraction study was carried out on 0.8BiFeO(3)-0.2PbTiO(3) in the temperature range 27-1000 degrees C.