The cosine similarity score made a significant contribution to
the model (b = −400.1, SE = 115.8, z = −3.46, P < 0.001). The negative coefficient and z-score show that higher scores were associated with lower risk of conversion to dementia. Covariates of age and sex did not improve the fit of the model. Figure 3 Grand average residual vector created by the same general method as in Fig. 2, but projecting MCI-n PET scans onto a space defined by MCI-c PET scans. Voxels with the highest residual values are topographically similar to those with the low residual values ... This model was enhanced Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical somewhat by the addition of baseline FAQ score and the interaction of FAQ score with the cosine similarity score. Cosine similarity continued to make a significant contribution (b = −581.8, SE = 167.5, z = −3.48, P < 0.001). There was no main effect of FAQ score (b = −0.02, SE = 0.07,
z = −0.32, P > 0.05), but the interaction of FAQ and cosine similarity was significant (b = 40.2, SE = 19.7, z = 2.04, P < 0.05). Prediction of functional Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical decline All but three of the 242 subjects were entered into a linear mixed model with at least one follow-up data entry per subject (676 total observations) and the dependent variable of FAQ score at follow-up. The three excluded subjects did not have follow-up Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical FAQ scores for the analysis. A random intercept for subject was added to an initial null model and was shown to improve the fit. Fixed effects were then added to this model. Diagnostic group and its interaction with time failed to improve the fit of the model and were not included. The strongest predictor of FAQ score at follow-up was FAQ score at baseline (b = 0.875, SE 0.03, t = 28.9, P = 0.0001). The positive t-statistic Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical reflected a Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical tendency for FAQ scores to trend upward with time in this population (Higher FAQ scores reflect worsening functional status). However, the interaction of FAQ score with time did not improve the model and was removed. There was a main effect of time (b
= 0.074, SE 0.015, t = 4.80, P = 0.0002). There was no main effect of baseline MMSE score (b = −0.05, SE 0.1, t = −0.5, P > 0.05), but the MMSE × time interaction was negatively Phosphoprotein phosphatase associated with FAQ score at follow-up (b = −0.02, SE 0.005, t = −4.68, P = 0.0002), suggesting that having a higher MMSE score at baseline was protective against functional decline. There was a main effect of cosine similarity score derived from the MCI residual vector (b = −251.2, SE 137.0, t = −1.83, P = 0.048), but no two-way interaction of this variable with time (b = −1.33, SE 6.90, t = −0.19, P > 0.05). These residual vectors were derived by projecting MCI-n PET scans onto MCI-c PET scans and would be expected to PARP inhibitor generate higher cosine similarity scores with more “normal” PET scans. The negative coefficient and t-score suggest that higher scores were associated with a lower risk of functional decline.