A 6-week alcohol consumption resulted in lower (p<0.05) body weight gain and self-antioxidant capacities, as well as increased (p<0.05) liver size, serum/hepatic lipids, and AST and ALT values. However, alcohol-fed rats co-treated with Tau have decreased (p<0.05) liver lipid levels via increasing fecal lipid output and cholesterol metabolism. Besides, co-treatment
of Tau also selleck inhibitor enhanced (p<0.05) self-antioxidant capacities and alcohol metabolism in livers via enhancing GSH contents, CAT. GSH-Px, ADH, and ALDH activities, but decreasing MDA contents. In a histological examination of rat liver, microvesicular steatosis and necrotic cells were observed in alcohol-fed rats without Tau while largely suppressed microvesicular steatosis and no necrotic cells were observed in alcohol-fed rat supplemented with Tau. Therefore, Tau could be an effective hepatoprotective agent against alcohol-induced damage via enhancing self-antioxidant capacity and alcohol metabolism. Crown Copyright (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights
“Background and Aims: Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) and familial combined hyperlipidaemia (FCH) are common atherogenic disorders with great variability in cardiovascular disease (CVD). No direct atherosclerosis burden comparisons have been performed between FH and FCH in relation to lipoprotein particle distribution.
Methods and Results: Risk factors and
three measures of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in both sides were determined in 572 FH, 250 FCH and 200 controls. Lipoproteins were assessed by nuclear magnetic GSK1838705A in vitro resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Compared with controls, IMT measures were increased in FH and FCH. FCH had the highest adjusted mean-maximum IMT. FH had twice low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles than controls, but similar LDL subclass size and distribution. FCH subjects also had increased LDL particles and the highest number of small LDL (1519 +/- 731 nmol l GSK2245840 purchase (1) vs. 887 +/- 784 nmol l (1) in FH and 545 +/- 409 nmol l (1) in controls). Age, gender, cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein (HDL) ratio, smoking and systolic blood pressure were independently associated with IMT in FH (r(2) = 0.38). The same variables, except”
“The analysis of case series of new daily persistent headache (NDPH) reported so far in the literature and the clinical evaluation of affected patients seen at headache clinics suggest that the current International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD-II) diagnostic criteria for NDPH are not adequate. In particular, in several instances headache features are not consistent with those of tension-type headache, as the ICHD-II expects. Before making a diagnosis of primary NDPH, it is imperative to rule out that it may be due to any underlying systemic disease.