Also, a secreted serine protease from Microsporum canis was descr

Also, a secreted serine protease from Microsporum canis was described. A serine protease inhibitor, as well as a monoclonal antibody directed to the protein inhibited #GDC-0941 molecular weight randurls[1|1|,|CHEM1|]# fungal adherence to reconstructed interfollicular feline epidermis [3]. In the entomophatogenic fungus Magnaporthe grisea, the SPM1 serine protease is positively regulated during nitrogen starvation condition. M. grisea mutant cells for the spm1 gene encoding for this serine protease present decreased sporulation and appressorial development as well as a greatly attenuated ability to cause disease [4]. Serine proteases

play important role in nematophagous fungus during cuticle degradation. An alkaline serine protease was described as virulence factor in the nematophogous fungus Hirsutella rhossiliensis presenting higher protein expression level when nematode cuticle was used as the single source of nitrogen [5]. In the nematophagous fungus Clonostachys rosea, the disruption of the gene prC encoding a subtilisin protease attenuated infection of the fungus to nematodes, indicating that this proteases acts as virulence factor [6]. Paracoccidioides brasiliensis is a thermally dimorphic fungus with a broad distribution in Latin America, the causative agent of the paracoccidioidomycosis. The infection is initiated by inhalation of airborne propagules of mycelia, which reach the lungs and differentiate into the yeast parasitic

phase [7]. Few P. brasiliensis selleck products proteases have been characterized. Previous analysis of the ESTs in the transcriptome of mycelim and yeast cells revealed a total of 53 open reading frames (ORFs) encoding proteases check details in P. brasiliensis. The deduced amino acid sequences allowed the proteases to be classified in aspartyl, cysteine, metallo, serine proteases and proteasome subunits [8]. An extracellular

subtilisin-like serine protease has been detected in the fungal yeast phase [9]. This protease is inhibited by PMSF (phenylmethyl-sulphonyl fluoride), mercury acetate and p-HMB (sodium 7-hydroxymercuribenzoate), allowing to classify the protein as a serine-thiol protease which was able to cleave, in vitro, murine laminin, human fibronectin, type IV-collagen and proteoglycans [10]. An aspartyl protease has been recently characterized in P. brasiliensis. The cDNA encoding the aspartyl protease (Pbsap) and the deduced amino acid sequence encoding this protease (PbSAP) were identified and characterized. It was demonstrated that PbSAP is a N-glycosylated molecule. This aspartyl protease was detected in the P. brasiliensis protein extract and culture supernatant, suggesting that PbSAP is a secreted molecule. PbSAP is also detected in the yeast cell wall by immunoelectron microscopy. Zymogram assays indicated the presence of aspartyl protease gelatinolytic activity in yeast cells and culture supernatant [11]. Transcriptome analysis of the P.

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