(c) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3553885]“
“The authors describe a 12-year-old boy with dyskinetic (athetoid-dystonic subtype)
cerebral palsy and os odontoideum. Dystonic and choreoathetotic components in cerebral palsy are movement disorders that are difficult to treat and cause major disability. Dystonic posturing selleck products causes excessive flexion, extension, and rotation of the neck. Repetitive abnormal movements in patients with this type of cerebral palsy give rise to a higher incidence of pathologic conditions affecting the craniovertebral junction. Os odontoideum is one of these pathologies, and it represents a rare anomaly of the odontoid process. There are only a few reports describing os odontoideum in children with dyskinetic cerebral palsy. This clinical and neuroradiologic study focuses on the problem of atlantoaxial instability and os odontoideum in these forms of cerebral palsy, WH-4-023 order which is too often underestimated.”
“Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are environmental opportunistic pathogens of humans and animals.
They are found in a wide variety of habitats to which humans are exposed, including drinking water distribution systems and household water and plumbing. In that regard, they are distinct from their obligate pathogenic relatives, the members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. Owing to the presence of NTM in the human environment, human activities have had direct impacts on their ecology and thereby their epidemiology. NTM are oligotrophic, able to grow at low organic matter concentrations and over a wide range of temperatures, and even at low
oxygen concentrations. Thus, NTM are normal inhabitants of natural waters and drinking waters. Discovery of the presence of NTM-polluted soils is not surprising in light of the ability of NTM to degrade a variety of hydrocarbon pollutants. A major human activity selecting for the growth and predominance of mycobacteria in habitats is disinfection. In comparison to other bacteria, NTM are disinfectant, heavy metal and antibiotic resistant. Therefore, the use of any antimicrobial agent selects for mycobacteria. Use of disinfectant in drinking water treatment selects for mycobacteria that can grow and come BI-D1870 nmr to proliferate in drinking water distribution systems in the absence of disinfectant-sensitive competing microorganisms. NTM selection may also occur as a consequence of antibiotics in drinking water sources.”
“The pyroelectric coefficient is normally measured under the short circuit condition, while many pyroelectric applications are under the open circuit condition. We present experimental results demonstrating a difference in the pyroelectric coefficient under open and short circuit conditions. We also present results on pyroelectric coefficient enhancement using laminate composites, and show that this technique can enhance the pyroelectric coefficient at open circuit condition, as well as at short circuit condition. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics.