X-ray absorption spectroscopy and diffraction show that epilayers and films contain MnP grains in the nanometric range with average Mn-P bond lengths very close to those of RO4929097 bulk MnP. The MnP film lattice parameters are almost identical to bulk values (within 0.5%) and the main crystallographic preferential orientations are those also present in the epilayers but with different relative populations. Overall the local structures of all MnP forms are very similar, except for indications of more disorder in the nanocrystals. Such combined changes of T(N) and T(C) are in apparent
contradiction with the known response of bulk MnP to strains induced by hydrostatic, uniaxial or chemical pressure. We conclude that the differences in the low temperature magnetic behavior are most probably originated by local structural disorder at the surface of the nanostructures and by finite size effects. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3580270]“
two ferromagnetic layers have a common resonance frequency, the usual spin-pumping broadening may be reduced by dynamic exchange coupling. Utilizing BMS202 inhibitor the antiferromagnetic coupling between Co and Gd, we explore the change in ferromagnetic resonance accompanying a spontaneous transition from parallel to antiparallel magnetic alignment of two Co films below the compensation temperature T-comp. Above T-comp, the data are consistent with conventional models. However, a rapid doubling of magnetic damping accompanies the realignment,
which is reminiscent of resistivity changes in giant magnetoresistance. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3592298]“
“Meningococcal meningitis and septicemia are a persistent public health concern owing to the associated mortality and devastating long-term sequelae. People of all ages may be affected, with the disease burden being higher in at-risk groups. Vaccination is the most rational approach to the prevention of invasive meningococcal disease. A novel quadrivalent meningococcal (Men) serogroup A, C, W-135 and Y polysaccharide-protein conjugate vaccine (MenACWY-CRM), has recently been licensed for use in individuals aged at least Dihydrotestosterone datasheet 11 years old in the USA, Canada and Europe. One dose of MenACWY-CRM is well tolerated, and induces robust immunity to all constituent vaccine serogroups in 11-65 year old individuals. MenACWY-CRM was found to be noninferior to the quadrivalent meningococcal ACWY-diphtheria toxoid glycoconjugate vaccine, which is also licensed in the USA and Canada. In Europe, MenACWY-CRM is the first quadrivalent meningococcal glycoconjugate vaccine available to provide broader protection against Neissena meningitidis serogroups A, C, W-135 and Y.”
“Within the second-order perturbation approximation, the physical process of cumulative second-harmonic generation by the primary Lamb wave propagation has been investigated in the time domain.