1, 150 mM NaCl, 1 mM EDTA, 1× complete EDTA-free protease inhibitors (Roche, Mississauga), 1× phosSTOP phosphatase PI3K inhibitor inhibitors (Roche) and 1% Triton X-100). An equivalent amount of protein from each sample (450 ng) was separated by 10% SDS-PAGE and transferred to PVDF membrane. The membrane was blocked for 1 hour in TBS-T containing 4% BSA, and then incubated in 1:1000 anti-phospho-p44/42 MAPK (Thr202/Tyr204) antibody (#9101, Cell Signaling Technology, Danvers) overnight at 4°C in blocking buffer. The membrane was washed 3× with PBS containing 0.1% Triton X-100, incubated in 1:4000 goat anti-rabbit IgG
HRP-conjugate antibody (Sigma) in blocking buffer for 1 hour at room temperature, washed and developed using enhanced chemiluminescence (ECL) reagents (Amersham, Piscataway). The PVDF membrane was then stripped of antibody, blocked, re-probed with 1:1000 anti-p44/42 MAPK antibody (#9102, Cell Signaling Technology) and developed as above. Transmission Electron Microscopy HeLa cells (1 × 106) in 9 cm2 wells of six-well plates were infected with C. pneumoniae CWL029 at a multiplicity of infection of 1. Compounds were added at 1 hpi and cells harvested at 48 hpi. Cells were fixed overnight at 4°C in 0.1 M sodium cacodylate buffer containing 2% gluteraldehyde, embedded in araldite resin and thin sections were viewed using a Jeol JEM 1200EX electron microscope at 12,000× magnification.
Acknowledgements We thank Dr. Eric Brown and Dr. Gerry Wright for helpful advice and guidance on this project. We are grateful to this website all members of the Mahony lab for stimulating research discussions. A special thanks to Rick McKenzie
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