4%). Primary glomerulonephritis (GN) was the most common finding (57.4%), followed by secondary GN (15.5%) and tubulointerstitial diseases (4.5%). According to histopathological diagnosis, the most common causes of primary GN were
focal segmental SB203580 mw glomerulosclerosis (20.9%), mesangioproliferative GN (14.6%), IgA nephropathy (8.9%) and minimal change disease (13%). Lupus nephritis (6%) and Henoch-Schonlein nephritis (4%) were the most common secondary glomerular diseases.
Conclusions: The epidemiology of glomerular disease in our single-center report is similar to that in data from adjacent Croatia and Greece. Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis was the dominant histopathological finding, followed by mesangioproliferative GN and IgA nephropathy.”
“Background: The aim of our study was to analyze the efficacy and safety of rituximab, a chimeric monoclonal antibody against CD20 lymphocytes, as a nonstandard immunosuppressive therapy in
children with different types of primary AZ 628 mw glomerulonephritis who were not eligible for routine treatment.
Methods: The study group was composed of 16 children with proteinuric glomerulopathies, not responding to standard immunosuppressive therapy. The indications included steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (n=14) and steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (n=2). The dose of rituximab was established as 375 mg/m(2) of body surface area, administered by intravenous infusion once weekly for 1 to 4 weeks, depending on the CD19 lymphocyte count. We evaluated proteinuria and plasma concentration of CD19 lymphocytes at intervals of 1, 3 and 6 months, after which patients received a single repeat dose.
Results: Remission, defined as proteinuria less than 150 mg per 24 hours, was observed in 7 of the 16 children. There were no statistically significant differences in leukocyte counts between single and multiple rituximab doses. We also did not observe any clinical or biochemical side effects.
In conclusion, we postulate that alternative PF-6463922 inhibitor rituximab therapy should be taken into consideration in nephrotic patients not responding to standard therapy.”
“Objectives: To promote a broader understanding of the psychosocial impact of childhood cancer on siblings, a systematic review was undertaken. Directions for future research are proposed and clinical strategies are suggested for addressing the needs of these children.
Methods: Searches of Medline, PsycINFO and CINAHL revealed 65 relevant qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methods’ papers published between 1997 and 2008. These papers were rated for scientific merit and findings were extracted for summary.
Results: Siblings of children with cancer do not experience elevated mean rates of psychiatric disorders, but a significant subset experiences post-traumatic stress symptoms, negative emotional reactions (e.g. shock, fear, worry, sadness, helplessness, anger, and guilt), and poor quality of life in emotional, family, and social domains.