A. Tran and G. E. M. Reeves.”
“The purpose of our study was to determine the effects of anesthetic technique and ambient temperature on thermoregulation for patients undergoing lower extremity surgery.
Our study included 90 male patients aged 18-60 years in American
Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Pfizer Licensed Compound Library in vivo Status groups I or II who were scheduled for lower extremity surgery. Patients were randomly divided into three groups according to anesthetic technique: general anesthesia (GA), epidural anesthesia (EA), and femoral-sciatic block (FS). These groups were divided into subgroups according to room temperature: the temperature for group I was 20-22 A degrees C and that for group II was 23-25 A degrees C. Therefore, we labeled the groups as follows: GA I, GA II, EA I, EA II, FS I, and FS II. Probes for measuring tympanic membrane and peripheral temperature were placed in and on the patients, and mean skin temperature (MST) and mean body temperature (MBT) were assessed. Postoperative shivering scores were recorded.
During anesthesia, tympanic temperature and MBT decreased whereas MST increased for all patients. There was no significant difference between tympanic temperatures in either the room temperature or
anesthetic method groups. Entrectinib manufacturer MST was lower in group GA I than in group GA II after 5, 10, 15, 20, 60 and 90 min whereas MBT was significantly lower at the basal level (p < 0.05). MST AZD2014 molecular weight after 5 min was significantly lower in group GA I than in group FS I (p < 0.05). Shivering score was significantly higher in group GA I (p < 0.05).
There were no significant differences in thermoregulation among anesthetic techniques. Room temperature affected thermoregulation in Group GA.”
“Ozonolysis of omega-anhydro-20-hydroxyecdysone diacetonide gave a mixture of 24- and 25-oxo derivatives, and only the first of these (23-carbaldehyde) reacted with malonic acid according to Knoevenagel to give 14 alpha-hydroxy-2 beta,3 beta: 20,22-bis(isopropylidenedioxy)-6-oxo-27-nor-5 beta-cholesta-7,24-dien-26-oic acid. The oxidation of 23-carbaldehyde with ozone, followed by treatment with diazomethane, afforded
20-hydroxy-25,26,27-trinorecdysone-23-carboxylic acid methyl ester diacetonide.”
“The authors conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blind study to evaluate the anti-shivering efficacy of palonosetron for patients after gynecological laparoscopy under total intravenous propofol-remifentanil anesthesia.
Sixty female patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups and administered palonosetron 0.075 mg (palonosetron group, n = 30) or the same volume of normal saline (control group, n = 30) immediately after anesthesia induction. Anesthesia was induced and maintained with propofol and remifentanil, using a target-controlled infusion device. Esophageal and index finger temperatures were measured immediately after anesthesia induction (baseline) and at 15-min intervals until the end of the surgery.