Cells of the neurovascular unit can now be investigated in the in

Cells of the neurovascular unit can now be investigated in the intact brain through the combined use of high-resolution in vivo imaging and non-invasive molecular tools to observe and manipulate cell function. Mouse lines that target transgene expression to cells of the neurovascular unit will be of great value in future work. However, a detailed evaluation of target cell specificity and expression pattern within the brain is required for many existing lines. The purpose of this review is to catalog mouse lines learn more available to cerebrovascular biologists and to discuss their utility and limitations in future

imaging studies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. “
“Please cite this paper as: Roy S, Sen CK. miRNA in wound inflammation and angiogenesis. Microcirculation19: 224–232, 2012. Chronic wounds represent a rising health and economic burden to our society. Emerging studies indicate that miRNAs play a key role in regulating several hubs that orchestrate the wound inflammation and angiogenesis processes. Of interest to wound inflammation KPT-330 research buy are the regulatory loops where

inflammatory mediators elicited following injury are regulated by miRNAs, as well as regulate miRNA expression. Adequate angiogenesis is a key determinant of success in ischemic wound repair. Hypoxia and cellular redox state are among the key factors that drive wound angiogenesis. We provided first evidence demonstrating that

miRNAs regulate cellular redox environment via a NADPH oxidase-dependent mechanism in human microvascular endothelial cells (HMECs). We further demonstrated that hypoxia-sensitive miR-200b is involved in induction of angiogenesis by directly targeting Ets-1 in HMECs. These studies point toward a potential role of miRNA in wound angiogenesis. DNA ligase miRNA-based therapeutics represent one of the major commercial hot spots in today’s biotechnology market space. Understanding the significance of miRs in wound inflammation and angiogenesis may help design therapeutic strategies for management of chronic nonhealing wounds. “
“In pathological scenarios, such as tumor growth and diabetic retinopathy, blocking angiogenesis would be beneficial. In others, such as myocardial infarction and hypertension, promoting angiogenesis might be desirable. Due to their putative influence on endothelial cells, vascular pericytes have become a topic of growing interest and are increasingly being evaluated as a potential target for angioregulatory therapies. The strategy of manipulating pericyte recruitment to capillaries could result in anti- or proangiogenic effects. Our current understanding of pericytes, however, is limited by knowledge gaps regarding pericyte identity and lineage.

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