If the www.selleckchem.com/products/AZD0530.html Snails left the transparency sheet without moving toward the odorant, the closest distance to the swab was the starting point—20 cm away from the swab. Data from all snails tested were included in the analysis, regardless of whether they initially
moved toward the swab or away from it. Significance of the data was tested with an ANOVA. For the previous experiment, the snails were placed facing the odorant, and so might have a bias to move toward it that would affect the results. To ensure that the direction the snails faced was not the deciding factor in the decision to move toward the odor, we used a different approach to measure the attractiveness of the test odor. In the second type Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical of odor learning experiment, a cotton swab soaked in a different odorant (10% bay oil) was placed in the middle of a 21 × 27.5 cm transparency sheet. The test Euglandina or Cantareus snail was Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical placed 10 cm from the swab and facing the opposite direction.
The test snails were allowed to crawl until they left the transparency sheet, and the trails were visualized with Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical charcoal powder. Experiments were scored “attracted” versus “not attracted” based on whether the test snail turned around and moved toward the swab. Snails that turned around and traveled toward the swab past the point where the back of their shell had been placed at the start were scored as “attracted.” To be scored as “attracted” the snails had to travel back past the point there they were originally placed within about three Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical body lengths (~10 cm) distance from that point. Snails which did not turn around or did not travel past the point where they were placed at the start of the experiment within 10 cm were scored as “not attracted” (see Fig. 1C and D for examples). Significance of the data was tested with Logistic regression. Figure 1 Sample trails left by test Euglandina during odor learning experiments.
The movements of the snails are tracked by visualizing the mucus trails with charcoal. (A, B) Odorant-soaked cotton swabs—location marked with (s)—were placed at one … The ability of Euglandina to learn to follow Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical artificial trails of an odorant chemical was tested by painting a streak of 10% anise oil on a transparency isothipendyl sheet, placing the snail 5 cm away from the chemical trail and allowing it to crawl across it. After the experiment, a marker pen was used to mark where the odorant trail was laid and the movement of the snail was visualized by sprinkling the sheet with charcoal powder and rinsing off the excess. After the first test of following the artificial trail, the snail was fed a prey snail while the anise solution was dropped on its radula, and the snails were tested for following of the trail again in 24–48 h. Snails were judged to have followed the trail if their mucus trail was superimposed over or paralleled the anise trail for at least three body lengths (approximately 10 cm).