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interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Authors’ contributions DC, XL, and GZ designed the experimental scheme and implement it; XL drafted the manuscript; GZ and HS modified the manuscript. All authors read and proved the final manuscript.”
“Background Spontaneous emission (SE) control of quantum emitters (QEs) CFTRinh-172 is of great importance in basic quantum optics researches and new learn more type of quantum information devices design due to its diverse range of applications such as solar energy harvesting [1, 2], light-emitting diodes [3, 4], miniature lasers [5, 6], and single-photon source for quantum information science [7, 8]. It is well known that, the spontaneous emission lifetime of QEs can be strongly modulated by the surrounding environment. So, various photonic systems, such as microcavities [9, 10]
and photonic crystals [11–13], have been proposed to manipulate the lifetime of QEs. Recently, metallic nanostructures have attracted extensive of interest as they support surface plasmonic resonances, which are the collective oscillations of the electron gas in metals [14, 15]. Surface plasmons may greatly enhance the local electromagnetic field that leads to nanoscale ‘hot spots’ [16, 17]. Such local enhancement capability enables the quantum control of the SE process at nanoscale [18–23]. An important
advantage of controlling SE of QEs is its wide range of application. In , the SE enhancement of a single quantum dot PtdIns(3,4)P2 coupled to silver nanowire was successfully measured. Such measurements proved that the SE exhibits antibunching. This means that plasmonic nanowires can provide single-photon sources, as has been demonstrated in  by using NV centers. Besides, alternative plasmonic systems have been presented to manipulate SE enhancement, such as hybrid waveguide  and plasmonic resonators . Moreover, the efficient coupling between single emitter and the propagating plasmonic modes enables the realization of single photon transistor devices [28, 29]. However, the investigation of SE control with different transition dipole orientations of a QE is still a challenging task. To date, no clear picture has emerged of the orientation-dependent characteristics around the metallic particles but it is of great importance in the research of interaction between light and matter . In this paper, we investigate the SE lifetime of a two-level QE with different dipole VE-821 moment orientations around a plasmonic nanorod.