The C1s spectrum of GO can be deconvoluted into four peaks at 284.6, 286.7, 287.8, and 289 eV, corresponding to C=C/C-C in aromatic rings, C-O in alkoxyl and epoxyl, C=O in carbonyl, and O-C=O in carboxyl groups, respectively [30–33]. When GO is reduced, the peak intensity of C=C/C-C in aromatic rings rises dramatically, while those of C-O and C=O decrease sharply, and the peak of O-C=O disappears, clearly suggesting the efficient removal of oxygen-containing groups www.selleckchem.com/products/lazertinib-yh25448-gns-1480.html and the restoration of C=C/C-C structure in graphitic structure. It should also be noted that a new peak emerges at 291 eV corresponding to the π-π* shake-up satellite peak, indicating that the delocalized π conjugation
is restored [34, 35]. C/O molar ratios calculated according to the XPS analyses are 2.3 and 6.1 for GO and RGOA, respectively. FT-IR is also adopted to analyze the evolution of oxygen-containing groups during the self-assembly and reduction process (Figure 3b). As for GO, the following characteristic peaks are observed: O-H PF-04929113 price stretching vibrations (3,000 ~ 3,500 cm−1), C=O
stretching vibrations from carbonyl and carboxyl groups (approximately 1,720 cm−1), C=C stretching or skeletal vibrations from unoxidized graphitic domains (approximately 1,620 cm−1), O-H bending vibrations from hydroxyl groups (approximately 1,400 cm−1), C-O stretching vibration from epoxyl (approximately 1,226 cm−1), and alkoxyl (approximately 1,052 cm−1) [27, 36]. There is a dramatic decrease of GSK3326595 cost hydroxyl, C-O and C=O groups after the reduction process. A new SDHB featured peak at 1,568 cm−1 due to the skeletal vibration of graphene sheets appears. Combining the results of XPS and FT-IR analyses, partial oxygen-containing groups are still retained after the self-assembly and reduction process although there is a significant decrease of such functional groups. Figure 3 C1 s XPS spectra (a) and FT-IR spectra (b) of GO and RGOA. Electrochemical capacitive performances Three-electrode system Cyclic voltammograms of RGOA at
different scan rates in KOH and H2SO4 are shown in Figure 4a. The CV curves in both electrolytes show a rectangular-like shape, which is attributed to the electric double-layer capacitance in each potential window. As for the CV curves in KOH electrolyte, although there is no obvious redox peaks, RGOA also exhibits pseudocapacitance besides electric double-layer capacitance at the potential window of −1.0 ~ −0.3 V because the current density severely changes as the potential varies within this potential window . An equilibrium redox reaction probably occurs as follows within this potential window : contrast, there are obvious redox peaks within the potential window of 0.0 ~ 0.6 V in H2SO4 electrolyte, which are thought to be derived from the following redox reactions [38, 39]: Figure 4 Electrochemical performance of RGOA in KOH and H 2 SO 4 electrolytes.