Since the Act took effect, palliative care has been a part of med

Since the Act took effect, palliative care has been a part of medical education, and so physicians with 6–10years of experience have studied palliative care as medical students. Therefore, we used this group of physicians as a reference. The coexistence of delirium was diagnosed by a psycho-oncology

specialist, who was a member of the PCT, using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) criteria. Clinical departments were divided into three categories based on clinical experience related to cancer patients, as collected from the database of cancer patients registered at the hospital in 2009. As the physicians’ gender was not reported Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical with regard to barriers to pain assessment, it was excluded from the covariates. Statistical analysis First, we summarized the baseline demographics

of the patients and physicians, and the symptom profiles, including Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical percentages and medians for clinical variables. Second, the results of the baseline assessment were compared according to the two categories of pain assessment: accurate pain assessment and under-diagnosis of pain by primary physicians. Comparisons were made using the Wilcoxon rank-sum test for Selleck Afatinib continuous variables and the chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test for categorical variables, depending Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical on the variable type and Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical data distribution. Third, logistic regression models were used to assess the relationship between late referral to the PCT and the risk for under-diagnosis of pain after adjusting for covariates.

The results were shown as the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). No multicollinearity was observed among the independent variables. Values of P<0.05 (two-sided) were considered to indicate statistical significance. All analyses were performed using SAS software (Windows Version, Release 9.02; SAS Institute, Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical Cary, NC, USA). Results Baseline characteristics Patients Of the 351 hospitalized patients consecutively referred to a PCT during the study period, 69 TCL were excluded because they had been referred to the PCT on two or more occasions, and another 69 patients were excluded because they did not have moderate or severe pain (Figure ​(Figure1).1). The remaining 213 patients and their primary and palliative care physicians were included in the final analysis. No data were missing for the 213 patients assessed. The demographics of the patients are presented in Table ​Table1.1. The median interval between admission and initial PCT consultation was 5days (range, 0–251). Figure 1 Patients in this study. PCT; Palliative Care Team 1) We defined moderate or severe pain as intensity of pain was rated 4 on the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) by patients, or documented 8 on the Abbey Pain Scale (APS) by palliative care …

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