Grade 3 complications were infrequent, and all such cases eventually had resolution of these effects with minor surgical intervention. It is important to note that no severe GI complications were encountered in this cohort, despite having had previous very high doses of EBRT. Local recurrence after definitive EBRT is not infrequent. It has been estimated that nearly one-third of patients who undergo EBRT will have positive post-treatment biopsies of the prostate, and 15% of patients who received 8100 cGy were
found to have positive biopsies (9). The consequences of locally recurrent disease after radiotherapy can be significant. In a report of the outcomes of locally Dabrafenib price recurrent prostate cancer after EBRT, Kuban et al. reported that nearly one-third of patients suffered from major complications associated with
local recurrence (10). Locally recurrent diseases pose as well a significant risk for the development of distant metastases ,  and . GSK126 research buy Often patients who have developed locally recurrent disease after radiotherapy are not candidates for salvage prostatectomy due to age or coexisting medical comorbidities. Salvage prostatectomy also carries a significant risk of rectal injury (16–58%), and 68% of patients will require the use of at least one pad for urinary incontinence (12). Long-term followup suggests that up to 54% of patients who undergo salvage prostatectomy will achieve biochemical control of their disease (13). The use of other salvage modalities such as cryoablation after failed radiotherapy has been reported. In a large study of quality of life, 72% of patients reported incontinence at a median of 17 months, and two-thirds of patients
reported significant urinary symptoms (14). Rectal injury rates of 2% and incontinence rates between 4% and 8% have been reported. The fistula rate was 3.4% (15). In a large study of salvage cryotherapy, 17% of patients were noted to positive biopsies after treatment (16). Therefore, effective treatment options without significant morbidity in the setting of locally Buspirone HCl recurrent prostate cancer after radiotherapy are limited. The results of low-dose-rate salvage brachytherapy have also been reported. Reports published over 10 years ago  and  have indicated that while tumor control can be achieved with low-dose-rate salvage brachytherapy in 30–50% of patients, toxicity outcomes were increased possibly related to the use of less sophisticated planning techniques or the selection of less optimal patients based on the presence of baseline symptoms. More recently Chen et al. (7) have described preliminary outcomes of MRI-based partial prostate salvage low-dose-rate brachytherapy in 15 patients with a median followup of 23 months (8–88 months), with no cases of Grade 3 or higher GU complications. Biochemical control was achieved in 73% of patients at 3 years. Aaronson et al.