6% in controls; odds ratio [OR] = 1.85; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.14-3.00). Based on haplotype analysis, the T-C shift was significantly more frequent in controls (14.4% versus 7.1% in FMF patients). This haplotype could be protective for FMF disease (OR = 0.45; 95% CI
= 0.25-0.84). The frequency of CC-CT (1236-3435) binary genotype was significantly higher in FMF patients (14.79% versus 4.61% in controls; OR = 3.59; 95% CI = 1.40-9.20).”
“We present calculations of the magnetization configuration and reversal behavior of magnetic nanotubes with uniaxial anisotropy by means of two-dimensional micromagnetic simulations ACY-738 molecular weight and analytical methods. The tube radii R from 50 to 150 nm and the tube length /radius aspect ratio L/R <= 20 were explored. For a finite length of magnetic nanotubes the magnetization configuration is characterized by a uniformly magnetized along the tube axis middle part and two nonuniform curling states of a length L-c in two ends of the tube with Bcl 2 inhibitor the same or opposite magnetization
rotating senses, referring as C-state or B-state, respectively. We found that the magnetization configuration of the C-state exists for thin nanotubes with the tube thickness, Delta R, in the range of Delta R/R <= 0.2. For thicker nanotubes the strong magnetostatic stray field forces the change of rotating senses of the end domains in opposite directions (the B-state). The transition from the C-state to a vortex state with in-plane magnetization is described as function of the tube geometrical parameters. The nanotube hysteresis loops and switching fields were calculated. The simple analytical model was developed to describe the nanotube magnetization reversal reducing its description to the Stoner-Wohlfarth model with effective parameters. The equilibrium state of nanotube is described in terms of theta, the angle of the magnetization deviation from the intrinsic tube easy axis. The L/R dependence of the C-state magnetization, the shape of hysteresis loops and the switching field values are described by a dependence of theta on L/R. (C)
2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3488630]“
“Background: We assessed the infant feeding choices of HIV-1-infected women in rural Tamil Nadu, BMS-754807 price India, and risk factors for mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1.
Methods: The study population comprised live born infants of HIV-1-infected women from the antenatal clinics of 2 public hospitals in rural Tamil Nadu, India who were enrolled in a prospective cohort study. All women enrolled in the cohort were offered antiretroviral prophylaxis and infant feeding counseling based on WHO/UNAIDS/UNICEF training materials. Infant study visits were scheduled at birth (within the first 24 hours of life), at 1 week, 1 month, and 2 months after birth, and then every 2 months between 4 and 12 months of age.
Results: One-third of women did not breast-feed their infants.